The Northern Cape is in one if the driest parts of South Africa, and is home to the Kalahari desert. The largest of South Africa’s provinces, it is also the least-populated. It borders four other provinces and two other countries (Namibia and Botswana). Kimberley, its capital, is where the diamond industry began, and is a fascinating place to visit to discover one of the more important factors in changing South Africa’s history. The ” Big Hole” is a remarkable site, as is the adjacent Kimberley Mine Museum. Famous also for the siege of Kimberley during the Anglo-Boer War, there are numerous interesting memorials and monuments to discover. Outside of Kimberley, the Magersfontein Anglo-Boer War battlefield site is worth a visit. The Kalahari Gemsbok National Park, which is part of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park with Botswana is an important reserve, as is the privately-owned Tswalu Kalahari Reserve.